Blame avoidance and worldviews: Explaining the recurrence of socio-cultural disasters within Aboriginal communities in Canada


This paper proposes that what Aboriginal communities in Canada have faced since colonisation are a series of socio-cultural disasters, and discusses reasons for the recurrence of disasters within Aboriginal communities. Using Toft and Reynolds’ (2005) theory of active and isomorphic learning, as well as Hood’s (2002; 2011) theory of blame, this paper suggests that both blame avoidance and the perpetuation of world-view adherences on behalf of the Canadian government are responsible for the continuation of calamitous events within Aboriginal communities across Canada. Both the Indian Residential School (IRS) system and contemporary findings on missing and murdered Aboriginal women are discussed at length within this paper.


The article can be read in the Canadian Journal of Native Studies (vol. 37, no. 1), or can be viewed and downloaded here.