Venezuelan exodus: Humanitarian crisis, migration, and regional responses [guest lecture slides + notes]

Background

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The following guest lecture – titled “Venezuelan exodus: Humanitarian crisis, migration, and regional responses” – was presented to students of Global Politics of Contemporary Migration (UCOR 3600-07/SOCW 3910-01), a course at Seattle University instructed by Prof. Dr. Dustin Welch García .

The lecture is partly based on Freier, Luisa Feline and Parent, Nicolas. 2019. “The Regional Response to the Venezuelan Exodus,” Current History: A Journal of Contemporary World Affairs 118, no. 805: 56-61.

Availability

Displacement, return and environmental peacebuilding: Congolese refugees and the potential of ethnographic research [article]

Abstract

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As local participation has been central to some peacebuilding efforts, the voice and role of migrants within such frameworks is seldom considered. In the case of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), a country qualified not only by high levels of forced displacement, but also as having one of the world’s highest rate of voluntary repatriation, agency of return migrants should be further considered in attempts to strengthen peace and cooperation in the region. A fundamental step in achieving this is by recognizing that Congolese refugees have a historical, personal and cultural connection to their place of origin albeit being spatially separated from it. Challenging a ‘sedentary bias’ which contends that deterritorialization strips migrants from their spatiocultural roots, there is a need to investigate how memory, identity and culture play an important role in how refugees remember and plan their return to the homeland. Specifically, in the context of a region where conflict is often attributed to ethnic, land-based, and resource extraction issues, an ethnographic understanding of this group can be particularly useful in placing migrant agency within current and future environmental peacebuilding frameworks in the DRC.

Citation

Parent, Nicolas. 2019. “Displacement, return and environmental peacebuilding: Congolese refugees and the potential of ethnographic research,” Tvergastein Interdisciplinary Journal of the Environment, no. 12: 30-37.

Availability

This article is published through Tvergastein Interdisciplinary Journal of the Environment, a publication based out of the Centre for Development and Environment (SUM), University of Oslo. The article appears in Tvergastein‘s thematic issue on ‘Peace and the Environment’. It is available for viewing and download here.

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The Regional Response to the Venezuelan Exodus [article]

Synoptic extract

february2018“Although most countries in the region have recently adopted legislative frameworks that would allow for the recognition of Venezuelans as refugees, they have largely opted to respond to the influx with special visa schemes that provide varying degrees of protection. Still, by international standards countries across Latin America have been generous in their reception of Venezuelans. Despite the increasing numbers, most are upholding open-door policies.

Initially, foreign policy drove these generous responses. But the rise of xenophobic sentiment across the region has increasingly turned the Venezuelan exodus into a domestic policy issue—one that requires regional cooperation.” (pp. 56-57)

Citation

Freier, Luisa Feline and Parent, Nicolas. 2019. “The Regional Response to the Venezuelan Exodus,” Current History: A Journal of Contemporary World Affairs 118, no. 805: 56-61.

Availability

This article is published through Current History, in its February 2019 issue on Latin America. It is available for viewing and download here.

The Venezuelan exodus: Placing Latin America in the global conversation on migration management [article]

Synopsis

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This article is a brief comparative analysis between the European migration crisis (2014-2016) and the Venezuelan migration crisis. It looks at the similarities in both profiles of displacement, and the differences in regional responses. The main argument made is that the response in Latin America merits a place in the global conversation on forced displacement.

The article is co-written with Dr. Luisa Feline Freier at the Universidad del Pacifico (Political and Social Sciences) in Lima, Peru.

Availability

The article is published (31.07.2018) through the Latin America and Caribbean blog, published by the Latin America and Caribbean Center at London School of Economics and Political Science. It can be read here.

A South American Migration Crisis: Venezuelan Outflows Test Neighbors’ Hospitality [article]

Synopsis

It is increasingly evident that the Venezuelan exodus that began in 2014 is now the fastest-escalating displacement of people across borders in Latin American history. The deepening political, economic, and humanitarian crisis in Venezuela has led to the mass movement of people across the region—mostly to Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru—and beyond. Estimates of Venezuelans on the move are imprecise, but range from 1.6 million to 4 million people abroad as of early 2018. Hundreds of thousands more have left in the first half of the year, and the numbers keep climbing—outpacing earlier humanitarian flows from Central America, Colombia, and Cuba. Some experts predict the displacement could surpass the 5.6 million Syrians who have fled that country’s civil war.

This article examines the characteristics of Venezuelan migrants based on the latest data available, before discussing how governments in the region have responded to the inflow and what the crisis means in the context of shifting Latin American immigration laws.

The article is co-written with Dr. Luisa Feline Freier at the Universidad del Pacifico (Political and Social Sciences) in Lima, Peru.

Availability

The article is published (18.07.2018) through the online journal of the Migration Policy Institute: Migration Information Source. It can be read here.MPI logo